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Cultural Competence in Caring for Muslim Patients

Dr G Hussein Rassool

To meet the care needs of today’s diverse patient community, healthcare professionals must learn to care in environments comprising different worldviews, communication styles and expectations. To meet this challenge, it is essential that they operate from a solid foundation of knowledge based on high standards for cultural competence in nursing practice.


It is designed for nurses and allied healthcare professionals. It offers a deeper insight into ways in which the Islamic faith is intertwined with patient care and explores approaches to effectively address the varying healthcare requirements of a growing and diverse Muslim community.


Following a clear, accessible format, the book discusses key issues including:

  • The identity and religious beliefs of Muslims

  • The ethical dimension in caring

  • Understanding the Muslim family system

  • Health considerations during fasting and pilgrimage (Hajj)


What’s more, case studies, activities and discussion questions throughout actively support learning and reflective practices.

This insightful guide will prove a valuable asset for any nurse or healthcare professional looking to develop their understanding of how to deliver culturally compassionate and congruent care.

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  • “The strengths of this book will be the wealth of knowledge it provides student nurses, nurses, and nurse educators; and the interactive nature of the book which actively encourages the reader to develop a greater cultural, religious and spiritual awareness of the Muslim patient and families, as well as an increased self-awareness about their own culture and belief systems and how these influence their professional practice. I believe the book's content makes interesting reading and will provide the reader with the opportunity to develop a confidence in their ability to provide culturally competent care to Muslim patients and families.”

  • “Although this book is written from a nursing and Islamic perspective, all students including allied health scholars should welcome it since it gives an excellent overview of the implications for practice in caring for people from the Muslim community. The book is of special relevance for individuals who may have had limited knowledge and contact with this group in their own context and social networks. The structure of the text ensures that it is user friendly. Reflective activities offered at the start of each chapter form useful triggers for students to test and contextualise the extent of their knowledge and to gain summary overview of the topics contained within. Answers are provided but they also afford the reader scope to be critical and to extend their curiosity through further developments of the main points within the main body of each chapter.”

  • “I would recommend this book as required reading since it is a ready resource for assisting in their development of cultural awareness, sensitivity and cultural competence. Similarly, I would strongly recommend this book to lecturing staff who have responsibility for delivering health care education. It is appropriate for addressing and developing cultural awareness within curricula and in learning and teaching the topic. Whilst its main purpose is to support appropriate practices in nursing and in part offers reassurance to those already familiar with Islam and required practices, it could also be used as a trigger for discourse and argument in multi-faith settings.”

  • “I would recommend this book to staff and students who are seeking to further their understanding of caring for Muslim patients and those seeking to challenge practice and to raise awareness of health care from different cultural perspectives.”




Section 1:Background & Context

  • Chapter 1: Muslim and the Islamic Faith: An Introduction - Rassool

  • Chapter 2: Healing, Nursing and the Spiritual Dimension: An Islamic Perspective - Rassool

  • Chapter 3: Caring as an Act of Spirituality - Lovering

  • Chapter 4: Ethical Dimensions in Caring - Lovering

  • Chapter 5: Understanding the Family System - Rassool & Sange

  • Chapter 6: Health Behaviours in Islam –Rassool & Sange

  • Chapter 7: Islamic Belief Affecting Healthcare – Rassool & Sange

  • Chapter 8: The Crescent of Care- A nursing model to guide the care of Muslim patients - Lovering


Section II: Care, Contemporary Issues & Health Concerns

  • Chapter 9:  Health concerns related to Muslim communities – Rassool

  • Chapter 10: Fasting and Health Care –Rassool

  • Chapter 11: Pilgrimage (Hajj) and Health Considerations -Rassool

  • Chapter 12: Mental Health: Cultural & Religious Influences - Rassool & Gemaey

  • Chapter 13: Addictive Behaviours: An Islamic Perspective -Rassool

  • Chapter 14: Alcohol: The Forbidden Nectar - Rassool

  • Chapter 15: Rites de Passage: Birth, Death & Bereavement - Majali

  • Chapter 16: Organ Transplantation and End of Life Decisions – Rassool & Sange

  • Chapter 17:  Putting Cultural Competence All Together:  Some Considerations in Caring for Muslim Patients - Rassool



  • Dr. Essmat Mohamed Gemaey BN MSc DNs. Assistant Professor of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, King Suad University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

  • Dr. Sandy Lovering  PHD RN DHSc CTN. Chief, Nursing Affairs, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre (General Organization) - Jeddah Saudi Arabia.

  • Dr. Sawsam Majali, PhD MSN BSc RN. Previously Head of Nursing Program, Dar Al Hekma College Jeddah. Saudi Arabia. Currently, Director of the Queen Zein AL Sharaf Institute for Development, Amman.

  • Dr.G.Hussein Rassool PhD BA MSc FRSPH ILTM Cert Ed. Cert Couns. Cert Supervision & Consultation. Head of Department, Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Online University. Professor & Executive Director, Sakina Counselling Institute, Director, Inter Cultural Therapy Centre, Academic Advisor, Doha Academy of Tertiary Studies. Formerly, Visiting Professor, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

  • Dr Chandbi Sange PhD BSc RN. Research Nurse, Salford Royal Foundation, Manchester. United Kingdom

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